Images can be a great visual tool especially in ESL, but the process in making them technologically effective can be overwhelming. This post is the second post of a 3-part series of Images with Impact by John Allan.
Copyright & Images
The best way to approach copyright with your images is to assume that the images are copyrighted by someone.
4 means of including images legally for your LOs are
- purchase a license to use images,
- locate images in the public domain meaning that they are on open repositories,
- have expired copyright, or
- as Kelly Morrissey posted on January 13, create the images yourself.
Purchasing a license to legally use an image in educational LOs is straightforward. First, locate a service on the Internet such as Clipart, Shutterstock, or Getty Images, and then find an image on their site. Finally, choose a license for your purposes. License types and conditions vary between image providers. There are numerous websites advertising free images (see the Buffersocial blog link below); however, many of these take a little more work to separate the free and for-a-fee images. You might take a few minutes (or even hours) to locate resources that work for your purposes at Buffersocial if you have time.
Locating open resources of free images is a worthwhile endeavour. Once these resources are found, they can be bookmarked and used as require for future use. In the section Free & legal images below, four common free image sites are listed. Open resources include images tagged with Creative Commons Licenses, which allow free use on educational LOs. The licensing is clearly defined on the Creative Commons website at http://creativecommons.org/licenses. There is a very quick way to locate images through the Google Advanced Search feature. On the Advanced Search, in the usage rights field, choose one of five licensing options. The most open is free to use, share or even modify, even commercially. All of the images that appear are fair game for your LOs.
Locate expired copyright images by using the general rule that if it was published before 1923, it is in the public domain. Anything after this year is convoluted by other rules and regulations that are too complex to deal with in this post. Surf to http://www.teachingcopyright.org/handout/public-domain-faq to locate specifics on an image that you are considering using in an LO.
Creating an image yourself can be a challenge for most of us, unless it is a digital photograph taken of a relevant event or object. Digital pictures can be optimized for LO purposes using tools like Picfull or Webresizer.
Free & legal images
There are web spaces that host legal images that you may consider including in your courses. These are detailed below. Please be careful to read the licensing details at each site before using their images in your LOs. These sites include filtering options that ensure that the images or icons are royalty free, and are copyright appropriate for instructors to include them in their LOs.
Morguefile offers a wealth of photographs that teachers can insert into their worksheets, web spaces, or other media. The conditions listed at the website are quite open. Pics4Learning is a copyright-free image library for teachers and students. The Pics4Learning collection contains thousands of images that have been donated by the general community which includes students and teachers. At Icon Finder, a materials developer can locate quality icons for use in their projects. There are enough free icons to get through the simple worksheets or presentations that teachers encounter on a frequent basis.
OpenClipArt is a legal source for clip art, which is a necessary element in many teaching websites or worksheets. This site provides teacher developers with over 35,000 free and usable clip art in logical categories.
Creative Commons www.creativecommons.org
Creative Commons Licenses http://creativecommons.org/licenses
Electric Frontier Foundation’s Teaching Copyright. Web. 22 Dec. 2014. http://www.teachingcopyright.org/handout/public-domain-faq
Web Resizer http://www.webresizer.com/resizer
Image credit: morgueFile free photo
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