Have you ever seen the movie Lost in Translation? The main character, played by Bill Murray, has some strange experiences while working in Japan. The situation seems almost surreal to someone who has not experienced Japan. However, if you’ve ever lived there, what happens to him is not all that extraordinary. After having been exposed to a bit of Japanese culture, what happens to him seems closer to everyday life. Culture has a big impact on our activities and our perceptions of what is happening. How much impact, then, does culture have on something as integral as communication?
It is very difficult to teach Canadian communication norms. Most people who have been raised in Canada aren’t even aware that the language structures they use may carry a different meaning when literally translated, simply because the meaning of the expression has been internalized. Often we think our expressions are logical. For example, a friend and I were discussing a recipe. Her first language is French and mine is English, which led us to view the expression for a level cup of flour in different ways.
To her, the expression rasée seemed logical, whereas I had to take a metaphorical leap from shaved (the literal translation of rasée) to smooth, and then correlate smooth with the English expression level. I had to jump through a few hoops to work it out. What really made our different perceptions of what is logical jump out at me was her comment, “English is crazy!” To her, the French word rasée symbolized the meaning of level more directly than the English word level.
The confusion behind what is considered more logical may be attributed to the fact that we are comparing two different languages. However, there can be a similar effect between two English speaking cultures. While in Japan, I was quite often asked by my Australian colleagues, “How you going?” They didn’t want to know if I was taking the train, riding my bike, or walking. They actually were asking me how I was. The expression seemed strange to me because I had been acculturated to ask, “How’s it going?” or “How you doing?”
The point is that what seems natural and logical to one person from a particular culture (or who speaks a particular language) might need a little explanation for someone from a different background. We need to keep in mind that there is a lot of nuance in what we say. Expressions with underlying meaning can be difficult to understand without experience. Language learners need to learn the hidden meanings to make their path to success smoother.
Wouldn’t it be easier for newcomers if they understood the unwritten rules of Canadian culture? This would be especially helpful if they understood what not to do, or what communication strategies have a negative impact on their chances of being successful.
If an individual has a high level of English language skill, but has never been exposed to Canadian culture, can this individual be successful in Canada? What has been your experience?